Choose the correct word or phrase in each sentence.1. When did you last go/have you last been to the cinema? 2. We’d better wait here until the rain stops/will stop. 3. I’ve finished my exams; so I’m having/I have a party tomor­row.4. Why do you stare/are you staring at me like that? You look/are looking beautiful today.5. When the phone rang I had/was having coffee in the kitchen. 6. I can’t go out because I haven’t finished/I didn’t finish my homework yet.7. How long are you working/have you been working here? 8. I’m waiting for Kate. Have you seen/Did you see her? 9. Your suitcase looks very heavy. Will I/Shall I help you? 10. When I was a child, I used to ride/was riding a tricycle.11. What do you do/are you doing! I’m a student.12. When we arrived home, it already stopped/had stopped raining and the children sat/were sitting outside the door waiting for us.13. At the beginning of the film I realized that I saw/had seen it before.14. I’ll get in touch with you as soon as I know/will know the results.15. I’m sorry I can’t talk long. I study/am studying for an exa­mination.16. I stay/am staying at the Hotel Superior. Why don’t you call me? 17. "What did you do/were you doing when you saw the snake?" - I ran away! 18. By the time the police get there, the burglars will have vanished/ vanished.19. I’m sorry I haven’t written/I didn’t write to you lately, but I’ve been working/worked hard this term.20. When I was on holiday last summer, I was going/went to the beach every day and lie/was lying in the sun since morn­ing till afternoon.
I was born in Venice, one of the most popular tourist destinations in Italy, and studied Architecture at university here. Though I have also spent time away, I have always come back because it’s my home. In Venice, there are no roads, only canals, so you have to get around on foot or by boat. I live on a canal in the Rialto area in a house that was built in 1588 for the Muti family, who were merchants in the silk trade. In the mid-eighteenth century, it was home to the Vezzi family, who made things like plates and bowls of fine china and became rich sending these around the world. These merchants’ houses in Venice are like palaces. Their owners had to have space to show off their goods, but the building also had to be an office, a factory, a store and a home. My house came into our family in 1919, when it was bought by my grandfather. He died before I was born, but he was the director of a museum where I often do research on old documents. On some of these, I’ve seen notes in his handwriting, so, in a strange way, I met him through these documents. Sadly, the population of Venice has dropped from 120,000 in the 1950s to about 60,000 now. This doesn’t include the thousands of tourists who come to visit. I welcome the tourists but unless something is done to stop everyday shops like bakeries and chemists from disappearing, the city will die. I want people who love the city to come here to live and work and give Venice back the life that is not just about tourism. The writer’s main reason for writing this text is to persuade more tourists to visit his city give readers the history of his hometown say what he feels about his birthplace describe some important moments in his life The family who first owned the writer’s home used to buy and sell silk produced plates and bowls were skilled architects helped to build the canals The writer says about his grandfather that he taught him how to study documents had a handwriting which was difficult to read had died before the writer’s birth turned his home into a museum The writer would like if tourists stopped visiting the city people got jobs connected with tourists the city benefited from having fewer inhabitants local businesses were encouraged to stay The writer’s house was built by his grandfather was owned by merchants until the 18th century is on a canal in Venice was made bigger to resemble a palace
ПЕРЕВОД НА РУСС Although the work at Xerox PARC was crucial, it was not the spark that took PCs out of the hands of experts and into the popular imagination. That happened in January 1975, when the magazine Popular Electronics put a new kit for hobbyists, called the Altair, on its cover, for the first time, anybody with $400 and a soldering iron could buy and assemble his own computer. The Altair inspired Steve Wosniak and Steve Jobs to build the first Apple computer, and a young college dropout named Bill Gates to write software for it. Meanwhile, the person who deserves the credit for inventing the Altair, an engineer named Ed Roberts, left the industry he had spawned to go to medical school. Now he is a doctor in a small town in central Georgia. To this day, researchers at Xerox and elsewhere pooh- pooh the Altair as too primitive to have made use of the technology they felt was needed to bring PCs to the masses. In a sense, they are right. The Altair incorporated one of the first single-chip microprocessor — a semiconductor chip, that contained all the basic circuits needed to do calculations — called the Intel 8080. Although the 8080 was advanced for its time, it was far too slow to support the mouse, windows, and elaborate software Xerox had developed. Indeed, it wasn’t until 1984, when Apple Computer’s Macintosh burst onto the scene, that PCs were powerful enough to fulfill the original vision of researchers. Researchers today are proceeding in the same spirit that motivated Kay and his Xerox PARC colleagues in the 1970s: to make information more accessible to ordinary people. But a look into today’s research labs reveals very little that resembles what we think of now as a PC. For one thing, researchers seem eager to abandon the keyboard and the monitor that are the PC’s trademarks. Instead they are trying to devise PCs with interpretive powers that are more humanlike — PCs that can hear you and see you, can tell when you’re in a bad mood and know to ask questions when they don’t understand anything.