Задания » Ответьте на вопросы

Task 1.
Translate the following adjectives describing feelings and emotions.
1) exhausted
2) confused
3) embarrassed
4) frustrated
5) cheerful
6) confident
7) love-struck
8) frightened
9) glad
10) suspicious

Task 2.
Write the second form of the following irregular verbs.
Meet – ________________, have – ________________, be – ___________________________, do – ___________________, begin – ___________________, go – _______________________, eat – ____________________________, sleep – ________________, drink – ________________, make – ________________________, wake – ______________________.

Task 3.
Put the words into the right order to make questions in the Past Simple.
1) in the morning / you / When / get up / did?

2) for dinner / last night / have / What / you / did?

3) do / your homework / last Sunday / you / Did?

4) did / last summer / go / Where / you?

5) go / to Moscow/ Anna / Did / last summer?

6) buy / Mike / Did / a car?

7) your friend / forget / Did / to call / you?

Task 4.
Make negatives.
1) I did morning exercises.

2) You were good friends.

3) They drank tea last week.

4) Mike was a student.

5) Helen had a car.

6) She went to school in the morning.

7) She knew English very well.

8) She slept after dinner

Task 5.
Give short answers (positive and negative).
1) Did he ride a bicycle yesterday? – Yes, ______________. / No, ___________________.
2) Did she go for a walk last Friday? – Yes, ______________. / No, ___________________.
3) Did I get an excellent mark? – Yes, ______________. / No, ___________________.
4) Was it warm last autumn? – Yes, ______________. / No, ___________________.
5) Were they happy during holidays? – Yes, ______________. / No, ___________________.
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Read the sentences and write them in reported speech.
1. “This is the best film I’ve ever seen”, she said.
2. “Where did you go last year?”, he asked me
3. “Take your books with you”, she said to her daughter.
4 “You will be paid twice a month,” her boss said.
5. “What have you bought for me?", Sally asked Tom.
6. “Don’t answer the door”, my mum said.
7. “You will be paid twice a month,” her boss said
8. “What have you bought for me?", Sally asked Tom.
9. “Don’t answer the door”, my mum said.
10. “I didn’t break the vase”, said the little boy to his mother.
11. “I had an argument with Melany yesterday”, said Kate.
12. “My boss is discussing the cost of this product with clients,” said Jane.
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Друзья, ответить на вопросы)
Has your education prepared you for the job market?
What do you have to work on to improve your character,skills,abili.
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((Give Pete’s answers to Jack’s questions.))
-Have you ever been to a foreigh country? What country have you been to?
-Whare and with whom were you there?
-How did you get there? Was it difficult to buy tickets?
-How long did it take you to get there?
-Did you take a lot of of luggage with you?
-Did you find a cheap or an expensive hotel?
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1. Correct the grammar mistakes and answer the questions
1. What is a lawyer?2. Act lawyers as both advocates and advisors on behalf of their clients?3. What so special in legal profession England is?4. What is the difference between solicitors and barristers?5. What kind of legal work solicitors deal with?6. who have the right of audience in any court ofthe land 7. Where law students pursue a Bachelor degree?8. What degree is awarded in the USA?9, Vary the methods and quality of legal education in different countries?10. Where lawyers have many options over the course of their careers?11. Why career mobility is constrained in civil law countries?
2. Use the necessary conjunction
1. My friend says she would like to become a famous solicitor or a barrister I can’t help you. you tell me what’s wrong.3. My mum was really exhausted.She looked she was about to pass out 4. I learned how swim I was a little girl 5. I was so angry with her that I wrote her phoned Kate and Jim were late.7. The waters of the lake were deep, clear 8. She missed the train her door lock broke down.9. The party will start at 11.30. the presentation finishes.10. I won’t help you you will be able to deal with this problem by yourself.11. I were you, I’d listen to your mum, she is right.12. Even you think you are right, you should not have been rude to her.13. He can’t help you. you tell him what really happened.14. The more she acted like that more I wanted to punch her.15. She came home earlier she would have more time to finish the project.16. I couldn’t help wonder where she got that information.17. I need to go to the baker’s the bank.18. you look at it, it’s a nagging problem of the 21st century 19. you go right now, you will stay at home 20. Employees will have to decide to accept the offer or not.
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Переведите на русс яз For the next few weeks Emily just thought about Jack’s voice saying ’ Swim! Every morning before school,she swam. She wanted to win the race and beat Tina Dawson. One morning,Tina Dawson watched Emily swimming.Dawson watched Emily swimming. Dawson started talking to Jack Hastings. What’s her name? she asked.Emily James,Jack replied. She’s a good swimmer,she said. Yes,said Jack,she is. Excellent.So you must be a good trainer said Dawson. Well,I ’ Oh come on,said the former champion.I watch you,I watch her.She gets better every day.You’re the best.Jack looked at Tina Dawson. Do you want to make a lot of money? she continued. I mean,if you work with me. Jack decided that he didn’t like Dawson. I mean, work with me, not her. Now he really disliked Tina Dawson. You could make some money,she said,some real money.If I win this race,I’ll get £50,000. I’m sorry Miss Dawson, Jack said,moving away from her.I’m training Emily, money or no money. Jack walked away from Dawson and towatds Emily,who was just finishing her swim.Dawson looked at them. She wasn’t smiling. She was angry now. Well,there are other ways,Dawson thought,of stopping Emily James!
И ещё ответьте на эти вопросы по тексту
1Why did Tina Dawson notice Emily?
2What did Dawson offer Jack? Why?
3 Did Jack accept her offer? Why not?
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Answer the questions!1. What do you know about Whales? 2. Where do they live? 3. How long do they live? 4. What do they eat? 5. How large can they be?
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Look at the films below. Choose one of them to write a review about. Use linking words and connectors in sentences to make some coherent paragraphs. You can use prompts for your answer. Write the name, actors, genre Write about acting, music, colour/animation, special effects Write why you like this film or do not like Write the reason why you recommend the film or not
Lion King
A young lion prince is born in Africa, thus making his uncle Scar the second in line to the throne. Scar plots with the hyenas to kill King Mufasa and Prince Simba, thus making himself King. The King is killed and Simba is led to believe by Scar that it was his fault, and so flees the kingdom in shame. After years of exile he is persuaded to return home to overthrow the usurper and claim the kingdom as his own thus completing the "Circle of Life".
Radical scientist Victor Frankenstein and his equally brilliant protegee Igor Strausman share a noble vision of aiding humanity through their groundbreaking research into immortality. But Victor’s experiments go too far, and his obsession has horrifying consequences. Only Igor can bring his friend back from the brink of madness and save him from his monstrous creation.
Indonesian Tsunami
The massive tsunami that was in Indonesia on the day after Christmas in 2004 still stands as one of the most devastating natural disasters in recorded history. In all of the chaos as waves up to 100 feet high covered the Indian Ocean coastline, some interesting stories came to light. One story was about a small boy named Martunis, who was washed away while playing soccer in Indonesia and spent the next 18 days floating in the ocean. He was finally rescued and taken to a hospital.
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! 1. You already (to see) this film? — Yes, I (to see) it two days ago. I (to think) it (to be) rather interesting. 2. They already (to get) to the railway station and I (to think) they (to wait) for their train now. 3. What he (to do) now? — He (to play) the new piano which his parent (to buy) him this morning. 4. She already (to walk) in the park for two hours. 5. Last night my telephone (to ring) four times. Each time I (to answer) the phone, the person at the other end (to ring) off. 6. The police just (to discover) a bomb in this office. They already (to evacuate) the building. 7. She (to see) very tired when she (to get) home yesterday. She (to have) a bad day. 8. After he (to work) for ten hours, he came home and (to fall) asleep. 9. You ever (to be) frightened by something? Yes, I (to be) frightened by a strange noise in the bushes when I (to run) round the park last week. 10. The day before yesterday he told me that he (not to come) home by seven on Sunday.
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2. Напишите общие вопросы.
1. The student finished his homework two hours ago.
2. Two persons were detained in the restricted zone.
3. You must wash the dishes.
4. Hе is saying a password.
3. Напишите альтернативные вопросы.
1. His cousin will meet me.
2. The borderguards find out the details of crossing the border.
3. Student Ivanov has prepared his answer.
4. The violator is armed with an automatic pistol.
4. Напишите специальные вопросы.
1. Our friends were to meet near the bridge.
2. He wanted to find a job.
3. They lost each other in the forest.
4. This borderguard fires well.
5. Напишите разделительные вопросы.
1. They play football every day.
2. The name of the chief of the firm is John Black.
3. My brother lives in a cottage near the market.
4. He is not married.
6. Напишите вопросы к подлежащему.
1. He was a single child in the family.
2. This book contains a lot of illustrations.
3. I want to visit my relatives in Moscow.
4. The surface of Russia is various.
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Ответьте на вопросы
1) What can be done to prevent natural disasters?
2) What are possible preventative measures?
3) How can we help victims of a natural disaster?
4) What problems do people have after a natural disaster?
5) Could the internet be helpful in case of a disaster? In what why?
6) Have you ever seen a natural disaster movie?
7) In your opinion, what is the worst natural disaster? Why?
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1.What is the main difference between Russia and other countries in pancake celebrations.
2.What are the rules of pancake races?
3.Why is a pancake race difficult?
4.What facts about pancake celebrations do you find most interesting?
Помогите ответить на вопросы !
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You have 30 minutes to do the task.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Frank.
.We are big family or six.We spend most weekends together walking in the park, going to the local dance club or to the cinema. But there are so few places in our yown where you can have a good time together with a family. So we often stay at home and play board games.
.Which way or spending time do you prefer? What are you keen on? what board games are you fond of?
Write him a letter and answer his 3 questions.
Write 100-120 words.Remember the rules of letter writing
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You have 30 minutes to do the task.
You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Frank.
.We are big family or six.We spend most weekends together walking in the park, going to the local dance club or to the cinema. But there are so few places in our yown where you can have a good time together with a family. So we often stay at home and play board games.
.Which way or spending time do you prefer? What are you keen on? what board games are you fond of?
Write him a letter and answer his 3 questions.
Write 100-120 words.Remember the rules of letter writing
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Fill in the correct question tags and short answers.
2. A: he won’t come.
B: No,
3. A: They are traveling around Europe,
B: Yes,
4. A: You enjoy your English lessons,
B: Yes,
5. A: They left early,
B: No, They stayed till late.
6. A: I am late,
B: Yes,
7. A: There were lots of people at the party,
B: No,
8. A: He had never spoken to you before,
B: No,
9. A: They could do better than that,
B: Yes,
10. A: David can’t play rhe guitar,
B: No, Ne can play the piano though.
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You have recived a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Ted.
Write him a letter and answer 3 questions. (100-120 words).
As you know I am worried about my exams and I often get nervous when I think about possible mistakes I can make. How can you characterize your feelings related to exams? Have you ever taken any exams and if yes, when? What do you think is the best way to calm down?
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Scan the article and find answers for the questions.
1. How many Earth’s resources do people consume nowadays? What are they?
2. What is the result of this consumption?
3. What are the most reasonable ways of solving the problem of ravening resources?
Earth suffers as we gobble up resources
ALMOST one-quarter of nature’s resources are being gobbled up by a single species, and it’s not difficult to guess which one. Based on figures for the year 2000, the most recent available, humans appropriate 24 per cent of the Earth’s production capacity that would otherwise have gone to nature.
The result is a gradual depletion of species and habitats as we take more of their resources for ourselves. Things could get even worse if we grow more plants like palm oil and rapeseed for biofuels to ease our reliance on fossil fuels.
That is the message from a team led by Helmut Haberl of Klagenfurt University in Vienna, Austria. Haberl and colleagues analysed UN Food and Agriculture Organization data on agricultural land use in 161 countries covering 97,4 per cent of farmland. By comparing carbon consumption through human activity with the amount of carbon consumed overall, Haberl’s team found that humans use some 15.6 trillion kilograms of carbon annually. Half was soaked up by growing crops. Another 7 per cent went up in smoke as fires lit by humans, and the rest was used up in a variety of other ways "Things could get even worse if we grow more plants like palm oil and rapeseed for biofuels to ease our reliance on fossil fuels" related to industrialisation, such as transport [Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences].
Haberl says that the Earth can just about cope if we meet future needs by producing food more efficiently. This could be done by intensifying agriculture on roughly the same amount of land as we use now. But we’re asking for trouble, he says, if we expand production of biofuels, as the only fertile land available is tropical rainforests.
"If we want full-scale replacement of fossil fuels by biofuels, this would have dramatic implications for ecosystems," says Haberl. He warns that some projections foresee four or fivefold increases in biofuel production. "This would at least double the overall amount of biomass harvested, which is about 30 per cent above ground at present, but would increase to 40 or 50 per cent to meet these biofuel targets," he says.
This would mean clearing what remains of the world’s rainforests in countries such as Brazil and Argentina. As well as wiping out thousands of species, this would have devastating effects on the climate, he says. Unlike farmland, forests help to seed rainfall because they have high evaporation rates.
"The less evaporation there is, the less rainfall there is and the whole system dries up," he says. Andy Coghlan
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Помогите перевести текст:
Most businessmen will agree that good news comes over phone and bad news appears in their mail box. When you write a business letter you have to weight many aspects of the situation. You have to consider ways to organize your letter effectively and to maintain positive and productive customers relations.
A positive answer to an inquiry about a particular product might include such particulars as cost and availability. Also, there must be a range of products available or a process by which the product has to be purchased. In an effective conclusion to such a letter you should try to build a relationship that will lead to good feelings about your company and in some cases, future business. Saying “ no”, which is always difficult in person, is easier in a letter. But when your company rejects a request made by a customer, you have to remember that future business and the company’s image are on stake. The wording and approach have to be careful. A conclusion to such a letter should suggest a willingness on the part of the refuser to continue doing business with the reader ( the customer). A mild statement of regret or a sincere good will wish might be appropriate.
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Переведите в reported speech
1) She said to Tom, "Have you ever bought clothes in this shop?"
2)The dentist asked her, "Dont eat nuts anymore"
3)He wanted to know, "Where has Jim gone?"
4)She answered, "We met two hours ago"
5)"Do you grow roses in the garden?", Mrs Smith said to Mrs White
6)The mother said to her son, "Go to your room and do homework"
7)She says to him, "I have a right to know"
8)My grandparents said, "We were really happy"
9)He told her, "I am going to the fish market now"
10)"These books are worth reading", Mark tells him.
11)She thought, "What did the workers eat yesterday"
12)The manager said to me, "Can you type?"
13)Fred said, "I will invent a new computer program nest year"
14)She said, "Kids, you must wash your hands before lunch"
15)I said, "Why will the train arrive tomorrow"
16)Sam said to Will, "Are you a captain of the school football team?’
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Read about Peter. Then write answers.
В Табличке
I like summer. My favourite month is August. In August I visit my uncle John with my dog Spot. Uncle John is a farmer. He has got a lot of animals. My favourite animal is Gary the goat. He is brown. He likes apples. Spot doesn’t like Gary. Spot is frightened! Every autumn I go to a campsite with my grandfather. I don’t like winter. It is very cold, but I go to school every day. Spring is usually sunny. Every Saturday I play football with my school friends. My birthday is in April. I like April!
1. What’s Peter’s favourite month?
2.Who does Peter visit in August?
3.Is Uncle John a doctor?
4.Does Spot like goats?
5.Where does Peter go in the autumn?
6.When is Peter’s birthday?
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X. Read and translate the following text:
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
England has existed as a unified entity since the 10th century. The union between England and Wales was enacted under the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284. In the Act of Union of 1707, England and Scotland agreed to permanent union as Great Britain; the legislative union of Great Britain and Ireland was implemented in 1801, with the adoption of the name the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, but in 1921, the Anglo-Irish treaty formalized a partition of Ireland, although six northern Irish counties remained part of the United Kingdom and became known as Northern Ireland and the current name of the country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It was adopted in 1927.
Great Britain was the dominant industrial and maritime power of the 19th century. It played a leading role in developing parliamentary democracy and in advancing literature and science.
At its zenith, the British Empire stretched over one-fourth of the earth’s surface.
United Kingdom is one of five permanent members of the UN Security Council, a founding member of NATO, and of the Commonwealth, a member of the EU, but still remains outside the European Monetary Union. In 1999 the Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly of Wales, and the Northern Ireland Assembly were established. And it is significant issue in the UK.
United Kingdom is located in the Western Europe, on the British Islands, including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland, between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, northwest of France. Total territory is 244,820 sq km. It has a border with Ireland. Its climate is temperate, moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current. The landscape of UK is mostly rugged hills and low mountains. Nowadays United Kingdom lies near vital North Atlantic sea lanes, only 35 km from France and linked by tunnel under the English Channel.
The lowest point is Fenland – 4 m; the highest one is Ben Nevis 1,343 m. Its natural resources are coal, petroleum, natural gas, tin, limestone, iron ore, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, lead.
Official languages are English, Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales) and Scottish, as a form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland).
Government type is constitutional monarchy. Administrative divisions of UK are the following:
England is divided into 47 boroughs, 36 counties, 10 districts;
North Ireland is divided into 24 districts, 2 cities, 6 counties;
Scotland is divided into 32 council areas;
Wales is divided into 11 county boroughs, 9 counties and dependent areas.
The Chief of the state is Queen Elizabeth II since 6 February 1952; the Heir of the Crown is Prince Charles, the son of the queen. He was born on 14 November 1948.
XI. Answer the questions on the text:
1. How long has England existed as a unified entity?
2. When was the union between England and Wales enacted?
3. When was the legislative union of Great Britain and Ireland implemented?
4. When was the name the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland adapted?
5. What is Northern Ireland?
6. Was Great Britain the dominant industrial and maritime power of the 17th century?
7. Is there a connection between France and Great Britain today?
8. Is the United Kingdom a member of the European Monetary Union?
9. Where is the United Kingdom located?
10. What climate has the United Kingdom?
11. What landscape has Great Britain?
12. What are the lowest and the highest points of the country?
13. What are official languages in Great Britain?
14. What are the natural resources?
XII. Translate from English into Russian:
to exist, entity, to enact, permanent, to implement, adoption, partition, county, to remain, current, maritime
XIII. Translate from Russian into English:
1 Зенит; 2 иметь протяжение, простираться, тянуться; 3 Содружество (свободное объединение независимых государств, не имеющее общего договора или конституции); 4 Европейский монетный союз; 5 граница; умеренный (о климате и т. П. ); 6 ослаблять, смягчать; 7 преобладать, господствовать, превалировать, доминировать; 8 ландшафт, пейзаж; 9 уголь; 10 нефть; 11 известняк; 12 железная руда; 13 глина, глинозем.
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Use the information to make questions and answers.
A: posters / on your walls?
B: ✓/ three
3A: chairs / in your room?
B: ✓/ one
4A: plant / in your room?
B: ✗
5A: books / on your desk?
B: ✗/ but / ✓ / some on the shelves
, but.
6A: guitar / on your bed?
B: ✓/ red
7A: TV / in your room?
B: ✗/ but / ✓ / a computer
, but.
8A: table / in your kitchen?
B: ✓/ and six chairs
9A: mirror / in your bedroom?
B: ✗/ but / ✓/ one in the bathroom
, but.
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Прочитайте и переведите текст на русский язык. Ответьте на вопросы после текста.
Nearly 400 years ago European colonists came to America. The colonists began to settle. They cleared the land and transformed forests into croplands and pastures. The settlers lived in a group of houses around a central field. Here grazed the village cattle.
In 1862 the government gave land away free. A settler had to clear it, build a house and live there for at least five years. There appeared family farms. Over time, farming methods and farming areas increased. Today the average farm in the USA comprises 187 ha (462 acres). American farms became more efficient. Many farms adopted new technologies. Computers helped them to improve productivity and cut costs. In the 1990s American farmers invested more than $ 400 billion in land, livestock, buildings and equipment. American consumers pay less for their food than the people of many other industrial countries. By the mid-1970s a single farmer could grow enough food to feed himself, 45 other Americans and 8 foreigners.
Most of the farms in the USA are family farms. Only 3 percent of them are led by corporations that are owned by families. People who have small pieces of land cannot invest in the modern equipment. Often they sell their land to other farmers. There are tenant farmers who rent this land for cash or give the owner a part of the crops they grow. Owners of large farms hire seasonal workers. Many of these seasonal workers travel from farm to farm. They stay only for the period of picking crops. They are known as migrant workers. The USA is divided into six main regions.
The Northeast region does not have large areas of good land. But you can find dairy and poultry farms in several areas. Maine is famous for potatoes
The Great Lakes region is also an important area for farming. Corn, wheat and dairy products are the most important agricultural items. Farmers often rotate soybeans — that is, planting corn in a field one year and soybeans the next. The region has enough rainfall, which is very important for hay, grown to feed dairy cattle. Wisconsin is the most important dairy state in the region.
1.When did the European colonists come to America?
2.How did the settlers live?
3.When and how did family farm appear?
4.How do American farmer improve productivity?
5.What kind of farm are the most typical in the USA?
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Ответьте на следующие вопросы: 1. Have you ever seen your father cook? 2. Have you ever seen your mother play football? 3. Have you ever seen your grandmother dance? 4. Have you ever heard your friend speak Chinese? 5. Have you ever heard your father shout at his colleagues? 6. Have you ever noticed your mother wear a short skirt? 7. Have you ever noticed your friend hide anything from you? 8. Have you ever seen anybody swim in the river in winter? 9. Have you ever heard anybody sing opera arias at home? 10. Have you ever watched anybody chat in Internet three days without any interval?
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Exercise 3. Make the following sentences interrogative and negative:
That afternoon Lily came home early from school
In three days Mr. Ruggles received an answer.
Mr. Watkins drove a lorry and took goods to Salthaven.
She found the key in its usual place.
Kate walked slowly home, wondering how to break the bad news.
Sunday passed peacefully.
Jim began to run.
Last August we found a blackbird’s nest.
9. They accused him of spying.
10. On her knee Mrs. Lawrence held a bright red handbag.
11. There was a long silence.
12. The sea was only two miles away.
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Поставьте глаголы из скобок в форму Present Perfect Continuous.

She … (cook) dinner since 3pm. (Она готовит ужин с 3 часов дня)
He … (wait) for her answer for six months. (Он ждет ее ответа в течение 6 месяцев. )
My sister … (send) job applications for 3 months. (Моя сестра рассылает заявления о приеме на работу в течение 3 месяцев. )
I … (try) to find my documents since last Sunday. (Я пытаюсь найти свои документы с прошлого воскресенья. )
They … (learn) Japanese for a couple of years. (Они изучают японский язык пару лет. )
Father … (drill) holes in the wall since noon. (Папа сверлит отверстия в стене с полудня. )
My brother … (play) computer games for 3 hours. (Мой брат играет на компьютере в течение 3 часов. )
I … (listen) to this song since morning. (Я слушаю эту песню с утра. )
How long … (he \ take) his medicine? (Как долго он принимает лекарство?)
We. (save) the money for a holiday for a year. (Мы копим деньги на отпуск в течение года. )
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Ответьте на вопрос по английскому How many cents are there in a dollar? What are other American coins? How many cents are there in a nickel,a dime and a quarter?
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Выберите правильный ответ.
1. I remember (to meet/meeting) him last year.
2. I must remember (to meet/meeting) him at the station tomorrow.
3. Please, remember (to close/closing) the door when you go out.
4. I remember (to close/closing) the door, but I’m not sure that I locked it.
5. Don’t forget (to lock/locking) the door before (to go/ going) to bed.
6. He forgot (to bring/bringing) his passport. He left it on the table.
7. I’ll never forget (to go/going) out with my aunt in my childhood.
8. Try (to forget/forgetting) it; it isn’t worth (to worry/ worrying) about.
9. I rang the doorbell but there was no answer. Then I tried (to knock/knocking) on the door, but there was still no answer.
10. We tried (to put/putting) the fire out but we were unsuccessful.
11. Sue needed to borrow some money. She tried (to ask/ asking) Gerry but he was short of money, too.
12. Please, leave me alone. I’m trying (to concentrate/concentrating).
13. I need a change. I need (to go/going) away for a while.
14. The windows are dirty. They need (to clean/cleaning).
15. You don’t need (to ask/asking) his permission every time you want (to leave/leaving) the room.
16. Your hair needs (to cut/cutting). Would you like me (to do/doing) it for you?
17. We stopped there (to buy/buying) some biscuits.
18. Please, stop (to ask/asking) me questions.
19. ‘Did you start your diet?’ ‘Sure, but I can’t help (to eat/eating) sweets.’
20. Can you help me (to get/getting) the dinner ready?
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Exercise 4 Make up negative answers and questions according to the model:
A.Model: I like bananas. — I do not like bananas. Do you like bananas?
1. I write letters regularly. I. not. letters regularly. you. letters regularly?
2.I drive a car. I. not. a car. you. a car?
3. You sing well. You. not. well. you. well?
4. They live in London. They. not. in London. they. in London?
B. Model: He likes coffee. — He does not like coffee. Does he like coffee?
1. She watches TV every day. She. not. TV every day. she. TV every day? 2. He often gives her flowers. He. not often. her flowers. he often. her flowers? 3. She helps her mother about the house. She. not. her mother about the house. she. her mother about the house? 4. He likes classical music. He. not. classical music. he. classical music?
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Nowadays the number of crimes involving violence is growing in almost all countries in the world. The main cause of this development is undoubtedly the use of drugs especially in large cities. The higher rate of unemployment and growing racism are significant reasons too. Meaningless murders and assaults are the frightening results. Nowadays we can see how people not only in countries like the United States, but also in countries like Sweden, arm themselves with weapons for protection, but violence breeds violence.
It is often claimed that an efficient way to lower the number of acts of violence is to have more sever sentences. However, people who commit these crimes often have serious social and psychological problems. Many of them may therefore be indifferent to how severe the sentences are. Besides, these criminals do not think that they will ever get caught. Because of these reasons, there is a doubt that acts of violence will decrease if the governments make the sentences for this type of crime more severe.
A common measure to reduce the acts of violence is to increase the number of policemen patrolling the streets. Although this is a good way of preventing acts of violence, it will not actually stop people from becoming criminals.
Some people are convinced that it is impossible to erase the violence related criminality completely, but there is a way in which it can be reduced considerably. Children should be informed about crimes related to violence and drugs. This information should be given in kindergarten as well as in elementary school. Furthermore, it should especially reach those children who live in areas with high crime rates. The information should take the form of a discussion, not a lecture, led by some expert, preferably a local police officer.
Hopefully, the children would then at an early age already have some understanding of these problems that would be valuable to them for the rest of their lives. Although the costs for such a project would be considerable, the benefits would be great. It would certainly prevent many from becoming violent criminals in the future.
1. Mark the sentences as True or False according to the text. Correct the false ones.
1) Nowadays the number of crimes involving violence is growing in America.
2) The higher rate of unemployment and growing racism are significant reasons of crimes.
3) People who commit these crimes often have serious financial problems.
4) An efficient way to lower the number of acts of violence is to show criminals on TV.
5) A common measure to reduce the acts of violence is to increase the number of policemen with dogs.
6) Children should be informed about toy sales.
7) The information should especially reach those children who live in areas with high crime rates.
2. Answer the following questions:
1. What type of crime is growing all over the world?
2. What are the main causes of crime?
3. Why do people arm themselves?
4. What can be helpful in reducing crimes?
5. What can the government do to decrease acts of violence?
6. What can probably prevent criminals from committing crimes?
7. What should children be informed about?
8. How should information about crime be presented?
9. What results can such discussions give?
10. Would it prevent many from becoming violent
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